Security Council

Under the UN Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. All Member States are to comply with Council decisions.

The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.

The Security Council also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. And, together with the General Assembly, it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.

The Council is composed of 15 Members: five permanent members: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly (with end of term date):

-        Argentina (2014)

-        Australia (2014)

-        Chad (2015)

-        Chile (2015)

-        Jordan (2015)

-        Lithuania (2015)

-        Luxembourg  (2014)

-        Nigeria (2015)

-        Republic of Korea (2014)

-        Rwanda (2014)